Western Zhou Count of Yu

Those discovered between 1999 and 2001 at Rujiazhuang near Baoji [Latitude: 34° 20' 20 N, Longitude: 107° 6' 22 E] belong to a noble (Bo) of the vassal state of Yu. An inscription on a bronze vessel in the grave complex gives a date in the second half of the 10th century BC and suggests that the dead was the Bo/Count of Yu.

Map showing the location of Baoji

Count of Yu: diagram of the three burials

Between 950 and 900 two wooden chambers were made in a deep pit; there were three coffins with two females and one male. A human sacrifice had been made at the entry to the tomb and six more around it.

Among the more than 2700 offerings in the Count's gave were pottery, bronze vessels and weapons, jade and other stone objects, musical instruments, traces of textiles and parts of chariots. In the female grave some bronze vessels were found and nearly 300 jade and stone objects.

Drawing - three burials

The chariot, whose form is reconstructed here, was buried in one pit and parts of it in another with the male.

Drawing of plan for chariot

Jade from the Count's tomb

Jade animals

The jade and bronze display the Bo's wealth and status.

Bronze figure from his tomb

Bronze figure

Bronze ding from the tomb

The ding vessels were first made of clay, then of bronze. Used for preparing offerings, they could be round with three legs, as here, or rectangular, with four. Possession of a ding, especially one richly decorated, indicated power.

Bronze ding

Bronze elephant from the tomb

Special vessels could take the form of animals.

Bronze elephant