Western Zhou Count of Yu
Those discovered between 1999 and 2001 at Rujiazhuang near Baoji [Latitude: 34° 20' 20 N, Longitude: 107° 6' 22 E] belong to a noble (Bo) of the vassal state of Yu. An inscription on a bronze vessel in the grave complex gives a date in the second half of the 10th century BC and suggests that the dead was the Bo/Count of Yu.
Count of Yu: diagram of the three burials
Between 950 and 900 two wooden chambers were made in a deep pit; there were three coffins with two females and one male. A human sacrifice had been made at the entry to the tomb and six more around it.
Among the more than 2700 offerings in the Count's gave were pottery, bronze vessels and weapons, jade and other stone objects, musical instruments, traces of textiles and parts of chariots. In the female grave some bronze vessels were found and nearly 300 jade and stone objects.
The chariot, whose form is reconstructed here, was buried in one pit and parts of it in another with the male.
Jade from the Count's tomb
The jade and bronze display the Bo's wealth and status.
Bronze figure from his tomb
Bronze ding from the tomb
The ding vessels were first made of clay, then of bronze. Used for preparing offerings, they could be round with three legs, as here, or rectangular, with four. Possession of a ding, especially one richly decorated, indicated power.
Bronze elephant from the tomb
Special vessels could take the form of animals.
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