Beizhao, Shanzi Province
In the following century tombs of the leaders of Jin, were discovered in Beizhao (Tianma-Qucun), Shanxi province from the 1990s – pairs of tombs with 'satellite tombs', chariot and horse pit. In addition to bronzes there was a large quantity of jade objects.
Marquis Su's tomb was the largest with more than 100 horses in a pit to the east and 48 chariots in a pit to the west.
Jade and hard stone face covering
The 79 plaques (from tomb M 31) may have been stitched on to cloth. Some show signs of reuse and that suggests that the material was both scarce and highly valued.
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology no. 84
Jade pei pectoral
"The association of pectorals with face plaques suggests an intent to create a formidable display. It is likely that the jades...manifest a completely new approach to the world of spirits and the afterlife that developed in the latter part of the Zhou period." Jessica Rawson (The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology page 252).
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology no. 85
Jade pei pectoral
This pectoral was found in the same tomb (M63) as a small bronze vessel that shows unusual features, suggesting the Jin bronze casters followed a somewhat different path from the Zhou.
The pei has faience and agate beads once held in place by threads.
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology no. 86
Bronze gui vessel
The gui (38.4 cms high) is one of four. An inscription says it belongs to the Marquis of Jin. In their belief system showing position and wealth in death was important to secure an appropriate place in the hierarchy of the afterlife.
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology no. 87
Hare-shaped bronze zun
Bronze ritual vessels in the shape of an animal are uncommon.
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology no. 88
On this ritual pouring vessel (34.6cms high) humans begin to appear.
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology no. 89
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